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Thoughts on Establishing "National Park Day" in China
Li Shidong
2021, 1(4): 1-7.   doi: 10.12344/lczcyj.2021.12.12.0003
Abstract(30) PDF(10)
Abstract:
Since Yellowstone National Park, the world's first National Park, was established in 1872 in the United States, more than 5000 national parks have been established in 190 countries and regions around the world over the past 150 years. National park has become an important symbolization of national civilization and progress. On October 12, 2021, China officially announced its first batch of five national parks, including the Three-River-Source National Park, Giant Panda National Park, Northeast China Tiger and Leopard National Park, Hainan Tropical Rain Forest National Park and Wuyishan National Park. The establishment of "National Park Day" is a specific action to further promote the development of ecological civilization, the international common practice to strengthen eco-environmental protection, and an essential measure to build a complete anniversary system for ecological protection. It is also an efficient and active step to guide people to love, protect and cherish national parks. The author suggests that 12th October, the day when President Xi Jinping formally announced the first batch of national parks in China at the Leaders' Summit of the 15th Conference of the Parties (COP15) of the Convention on Biological Diversity, should be set up as the "National Park Day" in China. National parks in China have just been in its infancy, and there is an urgent need to speed up its top-level design. To celebrate the "National Park Day", we can consider such activities as launching a batch of top-level design, issuing relevant policies and development standards, announcing new batch of national parks, holding "National Park Forum", hosting large-scale science popularization activities, promoting mainstream media for publicity and dissemination, so as to facilitate the healthy and sustainable development of China's national parks.
A Theoretical Connotation and Contemporary Value Analysis of Saihanba Spirit
Liu Zhibo, Li Kui, Bai Dengzhong
2021, 1(4): 8-11.   doi: 10.12344/lczcyj.2021.12.21.0001
Abstract(30) PDF(8)
Abstract:
The spirit of Saihanba is an important part of the spiritual pedigree of the Communist Party of China, which has accumulated strong momentum to promote the construction of eco-civilization. Based on the basic principles of Marxism and from the perspective of harmonious co-existence between man and nature, the paper sorts out the generation and evolution logic of Saihanba Spirit and then explores the theoretical connotation and contemporary value of Saihanba Spirit. It also tries to put forward the practical path to further spread the spirit of Saihanba Spirit in the new era from four aspects: expanding the connotation of Saihanba Spirit, improving the ecological quality of Saihanba, building the ecological brand of Saihanba as well as integrating ecological culture publicity and education.
Research Progress on the Effective Connection Between Consolidation and Extension of Poverty Alleviation Achievements and Rural Revitalization in Ethnic Minority Areas
Du Yaqi, Zhao Rong
2021, 1(4): 12-18.   doi: 10.12344/lczcyj.2021.11.06.0003
Abstract(27) PDF(9)
Abstract:
Consolidating and expanding the achievements of poverty alleviation and effectively connecting the achievements with rural revitalization to forestall a large-scale reemergence of poverty is not only an important task in the 14th Five Year Plan period, but also the focus of current academic research. While combing the current research progress on the connection between them, this paper makes a classified summary from four aspects: the theoretical logic of connection, the realization path, difficulties of connection and policy suggestions. By analyzing and combing the connection issues in ethnic minority areas from the perspectives of system and cases study, the paper believes that it is necessary to establish a set of evaluation index system for the investigation of the effectiveness of connection. In view of the characteristics of ethnic minority areas, we should pay more attention to the research on the effective connection between achievements consolidation and extension of poverty alleviation and rural revitalization in these areas.
A Summary of Forest Logging Quota Management System in China
Pang Jing, Wang Jian, Sun Xiang
2021, 1(4): 19-27.   doi: 10.12344/lczcyj.2021.11.11.0002
Abstract(369) PDF(14)
Abstract:
Forest logging quota management system is the most basic management system for China to stipulate forest logging quota according to the principles of reasonable management and sustainable utilization. It is of great significance to realize the sustainable growth of forest resources. This paper combs the background and development process of forest logging quota management system, summarizes the system effect, existing problems and improvement suggestions of forest logging quota management system, and points out that the existing research has deficiencies in implementing the reform of government functions, reducing the institutional transaction cost and exploring the transaction of logging rights. The research of forest logging quota management system can be improved from the perspective of government leadership and market regulation as well as from the following four aspects: 1) Implement classified management and implement the disposal right of commercial forest; 2) Scientifically formulate the logging quota and reasonably allocate the logging indicators; 3) Further promote the reform of government functions and reasonably delegate power with adjustment; 4) Implement the separation of the three rights and explore the transaction of logging rights.
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Forestry Carbon Sequestration Transaction in China: Current Situation, Problems and Policy Suggestions
Xie Hesheng, He Yating, He Youjun
2021, 1(3): 1-9.   doi: 10.12344/lczcyj.2021.09.09.0001
[Abstract](362) [PDF 1475KB](32)
Abstract:
Carbon market mechanism is a critical policy tool to deal with climate change. In the past period of China's carbon market practice, there has been 9 types of mechanisms in the international and domestic markets of forestry carbon sequestration projects, including Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Voluntary Carbon Standard (VCS) and Golden Standard (GS) internationally, and in domestic market, including Chinese Certified Emission Reduction (CCER), China Green Carbon Foundation (CGCF), Beijing Certified Emission Reductions (BCER), Guangdong Pu Hui Certified Emission Reductions (PHCER), Fujian Forestry Carbon Emission Reductions (FFCER) and Poverty Alleviation Project of Carbon Sequestration of Single Tree in Guizhou Province. These projects have played an important role of forestry in coping with climate change, enriching carbon market transaction products, reducing emission reduction costs of emission enterprises, mobilizing the awareness and actions of social forces to participate in dealing with climate change, promoting the employment, income increasing and poverty alleviation for forest farmers, expanding the ways and forms of forestry ecological compensation, and realizing the value transformation of carbon sink ecological products. However, there are still some problems, such as imperfect policy system and management mechanism, with not explicit enough forms of project property rights, complex project development process, limited way of carbon sequestration transaction, and unclear understanding of forest carbon sequestration transaction and high transaction cost and risk as well. In view of these problems, the paper puts forward some countermeasures for policy recommendation, such as improving the transaction system and voluntary emission reduction management mechanism, clarifying the property rights of carbon sequestration, simplifying the filing procedures for forestry carbon sequestration development, establishing diversified compensation and fund raising system for carbon sequestration trading in forest and grassland fields, strengthening training and publicity for carbon sequestration trading, innovating the mechanism to reduce the transaction cost and orderly expanding the market demand for forestry carbon sequestration.
The Situations, Main Tasks and Countermeasures of China's Scientific and Technological Work on Forestry and Grasslands in the New Stage
Hao Yujun
2021, 1(1): 1-7.   doi: 10.12344/lczcyj.2021.03.30.0001
[Abstract](358) [PDF 970KB](36)
Abstract:
With the rapid development of forestry and grassland in China, the increase of "green quantity" has attracted worldwide attention. Meanwhile, it also has the deficiency of extensive development and low quality. If we do not improve the level of scientific and technological innovation, it will result in the "abnormal development" which brings about more quality problems with faster construction, thereby leading to serious risks. This paper analyzed the situation and the main tasks of China's scientific and technological work on forestry and grassland in the new stage, put forward the plans and countermeasures of the scientific and technological work on forestry and grassland, and pointed out the key research directions that should be focused on at present.
High-quality Development Strategy for Conversion of Farmland to Forests and Grasslands
Li Shidong
2021, 1(1): 8-19.   doi: 10.12344/lczcyj.2021.03.06.0001
[Abstract](231) [PDF 1005KB](24)
Abstract:
Turning marginal farmland to forests and grasslands is a famous ecological project in the world and a vivid practice of "two mountains theory". Based on the analysis of the new situation of conversion of farmland to forest and grassland, this paper systematically elaborated the concept of high-quality development of conversion of farmland to forest and grassland, expounded the reason and the way to promote high-quality development of conversion of farmland to forest and grassland, and proposed the basic ideas, development goal, core content and policy countermeasures of the high-quality development.
Reflections on the Protection and Rehabilitation of Forest Ecosystem in China
Wei Xiaoxia
2021, 1(1): 28-33.   doi: 10.12344/lczcyj.2021.03.05.0002
[Abstract](276) [PDF 923KB](19)
Abstract:
Aiming at the present situation of forest ecosystem in China, this paper analyzed the main problems confronted by forest ecosystem in our country, put forward the major objectives and indicators of protection and rehabilitation of forest ecosystem, and discussed the main methods and approaches of protecting and rehabilitating forest ecosystem in the future, in order to provide references for the protection and rehabilitation of different types of forest ecosystems.
Evolution and International Comparison of China's Forestry Management System Since 1949
Zhang Xufeng, Meng Gui, Wu Shuirong, Yu Yangting, Zhu Anming
2021, 1(1): 55-62.   doi: 10.12344/lczcyj.2021.01.31.0001
[Abstract](298) [PDF 1187KB](25)
Abstract:
Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, China has made great achievements in the development of forestry, in which forestry management and governance systems have been playing an important role. In order to fully reveal the development and evolution of China's forestry management system since 1949, this paper analyzed China's national forestry management departments and their changes, the vertical system of national forestry management, and the political dimension of the chief executive of national forestry departments. In addition, the paper made a brief comparison with the forestry management systems of the United States and Germany, in order to seek consensus and provide a useful reference for the modernization of forestry management system. The study shows that the national forestry management departments of China have changed several times in the past 70 years with frequent changes in the early period and gradually being stable in the later period. The process of its change is basically in line with the process of China's social and economic system reform, the function of macro-control is increasingly prominent, and the direct market intervention is gradually weakened. The core responsibilities have gradually shifted from economic production to ecological construction, from a single forest ecosystem to "three ecosystems and one biodiversity". It mainly manages forestry affairs "independently", but in recent years it has been integrated into the overall management system of natural resources. The forestry management structure in China maintains the combination of vertical and horizontal administration, but it has changed from the vertical one as the major to the horizontal one as the major. The vertical system is basically stable with the continuous extension of the national administrative divisions from the central government to the local and grassroots level. The policy transmission mechanism from the top to the bottom is very mature and taking a dominant position. At the same time, the feedback mechanism from bottom to top and the suggestion mechanism from outside to inside are gradually developed. The political dimension of the chief executive is relatively stable, which ensures the relative importance of forestry in national macro decision-making to a certain extent. In addition, the comparison with the international forestry management system shows that in the current global context of sustainable development, forest resource management tends to be integrated into the natural resources management or the ecological management. This study can provide a useful reference for the modernization of China's forestry management system.
Recent Situation and Enlightenment of Grassland Carbon Sink in Some Developed Countries
Li Xiang, Zhang Huibin, Peng Wei, Sun Yingzhe, Wang Jia
2021, 1(1): 91-96.   doi: 10.12344/lczcyj.2021.03.05.0001
[Abstract](273) [PDF 967KB](37)
Abstract:
In September and December 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping made an important declaration on China's response to climate change, put forward clear requirements for China's forest and grass to deal with climate change, and created a good opportunity to promote forest and grass carbon sink at the United Nations General Assembly and the Climate Ambition Summit. Compared with forest carbon sink, grassland carbon sink (GCS) has not been paid attention to and fully studied, while the data show that grassland carbon sink has great potential. The United States of America, the European Union, Australia, Japan and some other countries have carried on the deep explorations of the GCS from the basic research, the methodology system, the carbon sink project pilot, the policy consummation and so on, and have accumulated certain experiences. The potential of GCS in China is huge and has the basic conditions for further development. Bringing GCS into the carbon market can help grassland ecological construction and the realization of ecological product value. To this end, China should fully learn from the beneficial experiences of foreign countries, further strengthen GCS research, improve the basic preparations for GCS laws, regulations, standards, monitoring and certification systems, methodologies and so on, and initiate GCS trading pilots in Inner Mongolia and other places. On the basis of pilot projects, China should gradually promote the inclusion of GCS in the carbon market, meanwhile, continuously innovate and perfect the policies in terms of GCS research, basic preparations and pilot exploration, further demonstrate the determination and actions in addressing climate change, and set a model for the world.
Ecological Forest Ranger Policy in Yunnan Province and Its Implification
Han Feng, Gao Yue, Zhao Rong, Dai Shuanyou
2021, 1(1): 70-75.   doi: 10.12344/lczcyj.2021.03.11.0001
[Abstract](217) [PDF 956KB](19)
Abstract:
Taking Yunnan Province as an example, this paper summarized the current ecological forest ranger policy, and put forward some targeted policy suggestions based on the problems existing in the process of policy implementation. In the course of carrying out the ecological forest ranger policy in Yunnan Province, through standardizing the selection and recruitment process, integrating and increasing the investment of funds, perfecting the management system, strengthening the management and supervision, the dual improvement of capacity to protect forest resources and rural residents' income in Yunnan Province has been realized, border land security has been consolidated and the system of forest management and protection has been optimized. However, some problems also emerge, such as insufficient coordination between the ecological forest ranger policy and relocation policy for poverty alleviation, deviations in the implementation of policies in some regions, inadequate performance of some ecological forest rangers, the construction of the forest management and protection system to be refined, and legal disputes in the labor agreement of ecological forest rangers. Therefore, the paper put forward the targeted proposals, including exploring the establishment of a vacating mechanism of ecological forest rangers in a centralized resettlement site, strengthening the daily management of relocated ecological forest rangers, constantly improving the standardized management capabilities of basic units, and promoting the refined management of various ecological management and protection personnel, strengthening publicity and training continuously.
Reflection on the Development of Creative Forestry Under the Background of Rural Revitalization
Chang Song, Shi Yan, Ying Li, Yang Suli, Zhang Ke
2021, 1(2): 1-8.   doi: 10.12344/lczcyj.2021.04.08.0003
[Abstract](215) [PDF 1000KB](27)
Abstract:
Creative forestry in China is still in the initial stage in spontaneous growth, urgently calling for the government response to rural revitalization strategy, to promote adjustments on measures according to local conditions and to provide the directional guidance around the forestry resources. This paper focuses on the concept of creative forestry, analyzes the development opportunities and typical modes of creative forestry from the perspective of rural revitalization, interprets the connotation of creative forestry under the new situation, and puts forward some suggestions on strengthening top-level design and policy support, putting more efforts on brand building, giving full play to the role of leading enterprises and solving the bottleneck of the lack of skilled talents, so as to further promote the development of creative forestry.
Thoughts and Suggestions on Desertification Combating in the Sandy District of Northern China
Li Bing, Zhang Yuqing, Zhang Zhitao, Yu Tao, Ding Guodong, Qin Shugao, Zhao Yuanyuan, Gao Guanglei, Lai Zongrui
2021, 1(1): 20-27.   doi: 10.12344/lczcyj.2021.03.09.0001
[Abstract](205) [PDF 1517KB](11)
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China has been recognized as one of the countries that suffer most from desertification in the world. After decades of unremitting efforts, China has made remarkable achievements in desertification combating, and won wide acclaim from the international community. In the new historical period, China's desertification combating is still facing severe challenges. There are important issues to be addressed such as how to determine the reasonable scale of ecological construction under the constraints of resource carrying capacity, protect and upgrade the existing sand-fixing vegetation, restore and reestablish ecosystem in desert regions, scientifically evaluate the service function of desert ecosystem, handle the contradiction between resource utilization and ecological protection, develop the economy and promote the sustainable development in desert regions. On the basis of extensive investigation and in-depth analysis of the key desertification provinces in northern China, this paper summarized the achievements of China in desertification combating, and put forward some misunderstandings and problems that need to be paid attention to in desertification combating at present, and put forward concrete suggestions on the general principles of desertification combating, sustainable management of land, evaluation of governance effectiveness, governance models and measures, development of sand industry, scientific research and international cooperation in China in the future.
Influence of RCEP on Trade and Investment of Forest Products in China and Policy Suggestions
Chen Yong, Wang Dengju, Zhang Xi, Meng Qian, Jiang Hongfei, Liu Ying, Luo Xinjian, Qian Weicong, Jiang Yeheng
2021, 1(2): 9-16.   doi: 10.12344/lczcyj.2021.02.25.0002
[Abstract](186) [PDF 1032KB](28)
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On November 15th, 2020, China signed the regional comprehensive economic partnership agreement (RCEP) with 15 countries including 10 ASEAN countries, Japan, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand, marking the official launch of the free trade area with the largest population, the largest economic and trade scale with the best potential in the world. This paper makes a comprehensive analysis on the background of RCEP, its significance to China's economic and trade development and its impact on China's forest products trade and investment, and puts forward relevant policy suggestions combined with the current development status of China's forestry industry. This study could provide the decision-making reference for the forestry and grassland administrative department to probe the new developing path of foreign trade and economic development during the period of the 14th five-year plan, and help the forestry industry and forest products trade to achieve high-quality development.
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